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Grossmünster

Hotels near Grossmünster, Zurich, Switzerland .

The Romanesque church Grossmünster ("great minster") is one of three major churches in Zürich, the other two being Fraumünster and St. Peterskirche. It played a vital part in the Protestant Reformation.
According to legend it was founded by the King of the Franks, Charlemagne, at the start of the middle ages when his horse fell to its knees over the tombs of Zürich’c patron saints Felix and Regula. Its inauguration happened around 1220.
Grossmünster was a monastery church and throughout the middle ages it fought for importance with Fraumünster. The legend of Charlemagne helped support its claim of seniority. Later finds have discovered a Roman burial ground here.
The Swiss-German Reformation in Switzerland was initiated from the pastoral office at Grossmunster by Huldrych Zwingli, starting in 1520. He led the debates that eventually led to the church being severed from the papacy.
The plain church interior comes from these reforms that Zwingli initiated and the reformers removed the church organ and religious statuary in 1524. The church reforms that followed and subsequently created the Protestant faith, distinguishing it from Catholicism, have its roots at Grossmünster. This makes it one of the most important sites in the history of the reformation and the birthplace of the Swiss-German reformation.
The Grossmunster’s twin towers are by many considered Zurich’s most recognized landmark. Keeping with Romanesque architectural style the church has a great carved portal featuring medieval columns adorned with grotesques. A Romansque crypt dates from the 11th and 13th centuries.
Other architectural features include modern stained-glass windows added in 1932 and ornate bronze doors in both the south and north portals from 1935 and 1950.
There is a reformation museum in the cloister and the cloister’s annex is home to the theological school of the University of Zurich.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grossm%C3%BCnster
 

 

 

 

 

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